How a Solar Storm Could Send Us Back to the Middle Ages – 30 Minute Warning and 4 Tips from NASA

How a Solar Storm Could Send Us Back to the Middle Ages – 30 Minute Warning and 4 Tips from NASA

According to a new NASA study, deadly solar storms could knock out the internet and electricity for hours and give citizens just 30 minutes to prepare.

The US space agency has developed a new system with the help of artificial intelligence to predict when catastrophic events will hit Earth.

Although the system is the most advanced warning, 30 minutes may not be enough to prepare the world for total darkness. However, people can now take steps to prepare for an extreme solar event, reports the Daily Mail.

The solar storm

A solar storm is an astronomical phenomenon, originating from the Sun. It is a wave of charged solar particles (cosmic rays) which, upon leaving the solar corona, have exploded and accelerated due to one or more solar flares.

A powerful wave of energetic particles from solar flares means it will align with Earth’s magnetic fields. Then it is possible to cause problems in the power grids, as their transformers fail and are difficult to restore. It also affects the global positioning system (gps) and in general any type of infrastructure and service, even in underwater water pipes with electric pumps.

NASA announced in March the development of its computer model called DAGGER (formerly, Deep Learning Geomagnetic Perturbation), but the research is now going public.

With the help of artificial intelligence, warnings

An international team of researchers from the Frontier Development Lab – a public-private partnership involving NASA, the US Geological Survey and the US Department of Energy – used artificial intelligence to search for links between solar wind and geomagnetic disturbances, or disruptions that wreak havoc on our technology.

The researchers applied an artificial intelligence method called “deep learning”, which trains computers to recognize patterns based on past examples. The team used state-of-the-art technology to identify relationships between solar wind measurements from heliophysics missions.

These missions are space probes carefully placed in space to create a vast array of sensors, which work together to study the Sun.

The team tested DAGGER in two geomagnetic storms, in August 2011 and March 2015. The system was able to quickly and accurately predict the effects of the storm worldwide in each case.

Lead author Vishal Upendran of the Inter-University Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics in India said in a statement:

“With this artificial intelligence, it is now possible to make fast and accurate global forecasts and inform decisions in the event of a solar storm, thereby minimizing – or even preventing – disasters in modern society.”

Solar storms can also make global positioning systems less accurate, which is primarily a problem for precision drilling and other technologies. There could also be faults in the GPS systems.

The storm may still cause communication problems, possibly forcing airlines to reroute flights.

In 1859, a massive geomagnetic superstorm known as the Carrington Effect sent powerful coronal mass ejections toward Earth, disrupting ground communications. If such an event were to occur in today’s world, the effects would be catastrophic.

The measures proposed by the American National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration in the event of a solar storm

The US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has shared ways to prepare for an extreme solar storm.

The body suggests refueling plastic water containers and put them in the freezer. These can then be used to keep refrigerated foods cool in the event of a power outage.

The public should maintain the car’s fuel tank at least half fullbecause gas stations depend on electricity to power their pumps.

If we have garage, to locate the manual opening button.

The organization also encourages citizens to create backup copies of important digital data and information and keep money somewhere at home because banks won’t be available due to power outages.

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