Current war is about US trying to expand NATO military alliance in Ukraine and Georgia, says Columbia University professor
Undoubtedly, his role China in world affairs is getting stronger and stronger, which is “reflected” in relations between Iran and Saudi Arabia, in the 12-point peace plan for Ukraine and in the strengthening of relations with European and Latin American powers.
Last week, China continued its diplomatic approach by offering to hold talks between Israel and Palestine.
“THE China don’t want it UNITED STATES be the dominant force.
He wants to live next to the United States,” said the economist, director of the Center for Sustainable Development at Columbia University and president of the UN Sustainable Development Solutions Network. Jeffrey Sachs in an interview on the Democracy Now Network.
He has also served as an advisor to three United Nations Secretaries General and is currently an advocate for sustainable development solutions under Secretary General Antonio Guterres.
What is China saying?
According to Mr. Sachs, the Macron – Xi Jinping meeting was a landmark…
What China is looking for, if we look at it from China’s point of view, is true multilateralism.
And what does that mean? Multipolarity, another term the Chinese use, and that means they don’t want a US-led world, they want a multipolar world.
And the basis of this? The United States represents 4.1% of the world’s population, while China represents 17.5% of the world’s population.
China’s economy is comparable to that of the United States and, indeed, the land of the dragon is the main trading partner of many countries in the world, explains the professor.
So China says, “We are here too, by your side. We want a multipolar world. We don’t want a world run by the United States.”
And while the United States sometimes speaks of a rules-based order, the fact is that its strategy is one: domination.
“As also mentioned by the Harvard professor Robert Blackwill, “Since its founding, the United States has focused on gaining and maintaining power over various adversaries, first on the North American continent, then in the Western Hemisphere, and finally globally,” says Sachs. and adds:
Well, China doesn’t want the United States to be the preeminent power.
He wants to live near the United States.
Blackwill, writing in 2015, said China’s rise posed a threat to US sovereignty.
And he laid out a series of steps for “dealing” with the Asian country, which the Biden administration is actually following almost faithfully.
What Blackwill said in 2015 is that the United States should create “new preferential trade relations among friends and allies to increase mutual gains by consciously excluding China.”
There should be “a technology control regime” that would block China’s strategic capabilities to develop “political power capabilities while the United States is forced to build up its military forces in the Asian peninsula.”
Arguably, says Sachs, that’s what Biden’s foreign policy has become.
“China knows it.
China is really reacting.
But what is very important and interesting to understand, and we saw it in the Ukraine war, is that most of the world does not want the United States to be a world power.
Most countries in the world want a multipolar world and therefore do not support US sanctions against Russia.
And that was also the message of President Lula who visited China, telling President Xi Jinping: “We, as Brazil, want multipolarity, true multipolarity.
We want a peace in the Russian-Ukrainian war that is not based on an American concept of sovereignty – say, NATO enlargement – but rather a peace that reflects a multipolar world.
The E. China and South Africa.
So, in reality, we are in a multipolar world, yet an ideological conflict is observed.
In effect, the United States is withdrawing.
Our politicians are withdrawing from the world economic and monetary scene and opening the way to a completely different international finance.
I am going to give you an example.
The United States was the creator of the World Bank.
But now Congress is no longer pumping new money into the World Bank.
Congress says, “No. Why waste our money internationally? and so on, and we make a lot of noise about it.
So China and the rest of the BRICS say, ‘OK, we’re going to build our own development bank’, and they created the New Development Bank, or sometimes called the BRICS bank, based in Shanghai.
And that’s just one of the institutions that are really changing the scene.
There’s actually the Beijing-based Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, AIIB.
The United States tries to control the situation through the dollar, but the rest of the countries say:
“We will negotiate in yuan.
We will exchange in rubles.
We will exchange in rupees.
We will trade with our own national currencies.”
The United States is stepping up its sanctions: we will seize your stocks.
We will if you don’t follow.
And the other countries say, “You know, if you want to go through the UN and really enforce the multilateral rules, we’re with you.
But if you just want to enforce the rules, we won’t follow.
And so, we have this very funny phrase called “rules-based international order.”
The permanent five
“You know, the P5, the permanent five, the United States, China, Russia, France and the United Kingdom, were the winning group in World War II in 1945.
They wrote in the UN rules that they would be permanent members of the Security Council and would have veto power over any changes to the UN Charter.
So it’s really a group that has given itself the power that the other 188 countries in the world look at and say, “What is this? We need changes.”
I would say that the country which is the most surprised and disappointed by this, in fact, is India.
India is now the most populous country in the world.
The United States has a population of approximately 335 million. Great Britain, France, about 60 million. India, 1.4 billion.
But it is not in the Security Council, even if it is a nuclear power, a world superpower,
Brazil, South America’s largest economy, does not sit on the Security Council either.
However, in the face of reality, we are now heading into an era where the United States will not be number 1.
We live in the era of the post-western world, the domination of the USA ends
These international institutions must therefore change, otherwise they will not work in the 21st century.
And if they don’t work, it will actually be a disaster for us.
President Lula dared to “visit, in a few words, the heart of this question, which most of our media do not dare to explain to the American people, namely the enlargement of NATO.
The war in Ukraine is essentially about the United States trying to extend the NATO military alliance to Ukraine and Georgia.
Georgia is a country in the Caucasus, also on the Black Sea.
The US strategy, which dates back decades, was to encircle Russia in the Black Sea, along with Ukraine, Romania, Bulgaria, Turkey and Georgia.
All NATO members surround Russia and its naval fleet in the Black Sea.
On the other hand, Russia has clearly stated:
“It’s our red line.”
And he’s been saying it for decades.
And he said it clearly in 2007, before George Bush Jr had the crazy idea of announcing in 2008 Ukraine’s accession to NATO.
And here is what President Lula and Chinese President Xi Jinping said:
We cannot tolerate a war that is essentially a proxy war between Russia and the United States to expand the American military alliance.
Save some space.
Keep some distance.
This is what President Lula means.
This is what China means when it says in its peace plan: “We want a peace plan that respects the security interests of all parties.
This is the code word that says:
The war is over.
But don’t extend NATO to the borders.”
We need multipolarity, not an American empire,” Sachs concludes.